Education

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Education

What are Cannabinoids?


Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds. They are typically divided into endocannabinoids, which are naturally produced by the human body, and phytocannabinoids, which are produced in plants. Due to many environmental influences it is believed that our bodies have decreased the production of endocannabinoids. This has lead to various issues as the cannabinoids help regulate many processes in our body via a receptor system; the Endocannabinoid System.




What is the endocannabinoid system (ECS)?


The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a receptor system in our body that was discovered in the early 1990s. Receptors work like a key and key hole – only specific chemicals fit the receptors requirements and can unlock it. This particular system has two types of receptors, the CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are highly concentrated in the brain and throughout our body, while CB2 receptors are dominant in the immune and gastrointestinal system. The receptors and cannabinoids have a key and keyhole interaction. The receptors look specifically for this class of chemicals and can not be activated by other chemical compounds. The reduced presence of our bodies native endocannabinoids has resulted in a Endocannabinoid Deficiency Syndrome, which has been linked as the root cause for health issues such as migraines, fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome. Some researchers have even gone as far as linking severe diseases such as multiple sclerosis to the absence of cannabinoids in our body.




Do plant-based Cannabinoids work with the human ECS?


While cannabinoids derived from plants are not identical to the ones in our body, they still satisfy the receptors of our Endocannabinoid System. This means that we can use the plant-based phytocannabinoids to replenish our body and bring the ECS back to a state of homeostasis. Since every body is different there is little to none dosage guidance, so you will have to find your right dosage yourself. But don’t worry, we will be happy to guide you.




Are terpenes important?


Terpenes, just like cannabinoids, are a special class of chemicals. They are the substances that give plants their smell and taste and can be found across the entire flora. A vast majority of them also have shown health benefits in the past and are popular in homeopathic treatments. The terpene profile is like a fingerprint of a particular hemp strain and can vary greatly.




What is full spectrum extract?


A full spectrum extract has all cannabinoids and terpenes that were extracted out of the plant. Without further processing of the raw oil, the natural synergy between the components stays intact as nature intended. Researchers also found that keeping these components together allows them to work more efficiently, much like the vitamin C in an orange can give us more benefits than just the pure vitamin C itself. This is called the Entourage Effect.




How is hemp extracted?


There are various ways to extract cannabis. We decided to take the most holistic, yet scientific approach to doing so by using ethanol, which is the same alcohol that is present in adult beverages. The extraction itself is basically like making a tea under the right conditions. Once it is completed, we fully remove the ethanol from the extract. While the extract is then manufactured into final products, the ethanol is recycled and reused for the next extraction. This leaves us with a fully green process.




What testing is performed?


Transparency and quality are what we are most proud of. Our products are tested every step of the way from farm to pharmacy, and all of those certificates of analysis (COAs) are made freely available to you. We do not just test for the correct cannabinoid potency, but we also test for our terpene profile, residual solvents, pesticides, mold and mildew, and heavy metal contamination.




Hemp vs. Marijuana


Hemp and Marijuana are both colloquial names for Cannabis. The only real difference is their cannabinoid composition. Anything with a delta-9 THC content of less than 0.3% is called hemp, and is legal nationwide. If the THC content is above this threshold it is considered Marijuana, which is still an illegal substance. All JF products are manufactured from industrial hemp grown under the North Carolina state pilot program for industrial hemp.




What is strain specificity?


Each strain of hemp has a different profile of cannabinoids and terpenes. This is how some plants express more CBN than others while still being dominant in CBD. We believe that this will serve to our advantage in the future. We are working on developing a library that can recommend a specific strain for a particular ailment. This is the reason why all of our products are strain specific and never just a mix of hemp biomass.




Where is the hemp grown?


We work solely with traditional family farms in our vicinity. Our farms do not use pesticides, herbicides or fungicides and only use organic growing practices. Their experience and knowledge makes them a true asset to our team of experts.




Who is doing the extraction?


Our lab is operated by degreed chemists only. Multiple graduate degrees, a combined 30 years of experience, and their sound understanding of the cannabis industry makes them the leaders in this field. Serving the independent pharmacy community, we also are proud to have several pharmacists on our team that can help with custom compounding and expert opinions.